SAMR: A Framework for Using Technology

The SAMR Model provides a framework that links how the teacher uses technology to the outcomes and impacts on student learning. The model categorizes technology use in four hierarchical ways, with substitution and augmentation comprising the lower cognitive tiers, and modification and redefinition resting at the top.

Ruben Puentedura, Ph.D., created this framework, and lauds technology in the classroom for moving education “from traditional learning places to a continuum of learning spaces, so that the entire world becomes a place of learning for the student.”


View his presentation on SAMR, as well as his discussion of two similar models, below. Additionally, Puentedura offers his slide decks and informative materials on his website at